Remembering NEOWISE

APOD: 2021 July 31 - Remembering NEOWISE Discover the cosmos!Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe isfeatured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. 2021 July 31 Remembering NEOWISE Image Credit &Copyright:Petr Horalek /Institute of Physics in Opava Explanation: It was just last July.If you could see the stars ofthe Big Dipper, you could findComet NEOWISE in your evening sky.After sunsetdenizens of the north could look for the naked-eye cometbelow the bowl of that famous celestial kitchen utensiland above the northwestern horizon.The comet looked like a fuzzy 'star' with a tail, though probably not so long a tail as in thismemorable skyviewrecorded from the Czech Republic on July 23th, 2020, near the comet'sclosest approach to planet Earth.Photographs ofC/2020 F3(NEOWISE) often did show the comet's broad dust tail and fainter butseparate bluish ion tail extendingfarther than the eye could follow.Skygazers around the world weredelightedto witness Comet NEOWISE,surprise visitor from the outer Solar System. Notable Comet NEOWISE Images 2020: July 3130, 29,28,27,26,25,24 Tomorrow's picture: better than Pluto<| Archive| Submissions | Index| Search| Calendar| RSS| Education| About APOD| Discuss| > Authors & editors: Robert Nemiroff(MTU) &Jerry Bonnell (UMCP)NASA Official: Phillip NewmanSpecific rights apply.NASA WebPrivacy Policy and Important...
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Mimas in Saturnlight

APOD: 2021 July 30 - Mimas in Saturnlight Discover the cosmos!Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe isfeatured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. 2021 July 30 Mimas in Saturnlight Image Credit: Cassini Imaging Team, SSI, JPL, ESA,NASA Explanation: Peering from the shadows, theSaturn-facing hemisphere of Mimas lies in near darkness alongside adramatic sunlit crescent.The mosaic was captured near the Cassinispacecraft's finalclose approach on January 30, 2017.Cassini's camera was pointed in anearly sunward direction only 45,000 kilometers from Mimas.The result is one of the highest resolution views of the icy, crater-pocked,400kilometer diameter moon.An enhanced version better reveals the Saturn-facing hemisphere ofthe synchronously rotating moon lit by sunlight reflected fromSaturn itself.To see it, slide your cursor over the image (orfollow this link).Other Cassini images of Mimas include the small moon's large and ominousHerschel Crater. Tomorrow's picture: remember when <| Archive| Submissions| Index| Search| Calendar| RSS| Education| About APOD| Discuss| > Authors & editors: Robert Nemiroff(MTU) &Jerry Bonnell (UMCP)NASA Official: Phillip NewmanSpecific rights apply.NASA WebPrivacy Policy and Important NoticesA service of:ASD atNASA /GSFC& Michigan Tech. U.
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The Tulip and Cygnus X 1

APOD: 2021 July 29 - The Tulip and Cygnus X 1 Discover the cosmos!Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe isfeatured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. 2021 July 29 The Tulip and Cygnus X-1 Image Credit &Copyright:Carlos Uriarte Explanation: This tall telescopic field of viewlooks out along the plane of our Milky Way Galaxytoward the nebula rich constellationCygnusthe Swan.Popularly called the Tulip Nebula,the brightest glowing cloud of interstellar gas and dustabove center is also found in the1959 catalogby astronomer Stewart Sharplessas Sh2-101.Nearly 70 light-years across the complex and beautiful Tulip Nebulablossoms about 8,000 light-years away, shown in aHubble palette image that maps the glow of thenebula's sulfur, hydrogen, and oxygen ions intored, green, and blue colors.Ultraviolet radiation from young energetic starsat the edge of the CygnusOB3 association, includingO star HDE 227018,ionizes the atomsand powers the emission from the Tulip Nebula.Also in the field of view is microquasarCygnus X-1,one of the strongest X-ray sources in planet Earth's sky.Driven by powerful jets from a black hole accretion disk,its fainter bluish curved shock front isonly just visible though, directlyabove the cosmic Tulip's petals near the top of the frame. Tomorrow's picture: Saturnshine<| Archive| Submissions |...
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Ring Galaxy AM 0644 741

APOD: 2021 July 28 - Ring Galaxy AM 0644 741 Discover the cosmos!Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe isfeatured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. 2021 July 28 Ring Galaxy AM 0644-741 Image Credit: NASA, ESA, Hubble, HLA; Processing: Jonathan Lodge Explanation: The rim of the large blue galaxy at the rightis an immense ring-like structure 150,000 light years in diameter composed of newly formed, extremely bright, massive stars. AM 0644-741is known as a ring galaxy and was caused by an immense galaxy collision. When galaxies collide, they pass through each other and their individual stars rarely come into contact. The large galaxy's ring-like shape is the result of the gravitational disruption caused by a small intruder galaxy passing through it.When this happens, interstellar gas and dust become compressed, causing a wave of star formation to move out from the impact point like a ripple across the surface of a pond. Other galaxies in the field of view are background galaxies, notinteracting with AM 0644-741.Foreground spiky stars are within our own Milky Way.But the smaller intruder galaxy is caughtabove and right, near the top of the frame taken by the Hubble Space...
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Flemings Triangular Wisp

APOD: 2021 July 27 - Flemings Triangular Wisp Discover the cosmos!Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe isfeatured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. 2021 July 27 Fleming's Triangular Wisp Image Credit & Copyright: Anthony Saab Explanation: Chaotic in appearance,these tangled filaments of shocked, glowing gas are spread acrossplanet Earth's sky toward the constellation of Cygnus as part of theVeil Nebula.The Veil Nebula itself is a largesupernova remnant, an expandingcloud born of the death explosion of a massive star.Light from the original supernova explosion likely reachedEarth over 5,000 years ago.The glowing filaments are really more like long ripples in a sheet seenalmost edge on, remarkably well separated intothe glow of ionized hydrogen atoms shown in blue and oxygen in red hues.Also known as the Cygnus Loop and cataloged as NGC 6979, theVeil Nebula now spans about 6 times the diameter of the full Moon.The length of the wisp corresponds to about 30 light years, given its estimated distance of 2,400 light years. Often identified as Pickering's Trianglefor a director of Harvard College Observatory, it is also named for its discoverer,astronomer Williamina Fleming, asFleming'sTriangular Wisp. Tomorrow's picture: ring of fire galaxy <| Archive| Submissions...
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CG4: A Ruptured Cometary Globule

APOD: 2021 July 26 - CG4: A Ruptured Cometary Globule Discover the cosmos!Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe isfeatured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. 2021 July 26 CG4: A Ruptured Cometary Globule Image Credit & Copyright: Nicolas Rolland & Martin Pugh Explanation: Can a gas cloud grab a galaxy? It's not even close. The "claw" of this odd looking "creature" in the featured photo is a gas cloud known as a cometary globule. This globule, however, has ruptured. Cometary globules are typically characterized by dusty heads andelongated tails. These features cause cometary globules to have visual similarities to comets, but in reality they are very much different. Globules are frequently the birthplaces of stars, and many show very young stars in their heads.The reason for the rupture in the head of this object is not yet known.The galaxy to the left of the globule is huge, very far in the distance, and only placed near CG4 by chance superposition. Tomorrow's picture: wisp of star death <| Archive| Submissions | Index| Search| Calendar| RSS| Education| About APOD| Discuss| > Authors & editors: Robert Nemiroff(MTU) &Jerry Bonnell (UMCP)NASA Official: Phillip NewmanSpecific rights apply.NASA...
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Crescent Neptune and Triton

APOD: 2021 July 25 - Crescent Neptune and Triton Discover the cosmos!Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe isfeatured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. 2021 July 25 Crescent Neptune and Triton Image Credit: NASA,Voyager 2 Explanation: Gliding silently through the outerSolar System, theVoyager 2 spacecraft camera capturedNeptune andTriton together in crescent phase. The elegant picture of theice-giant planet and itscloudy moon was taken from behind just afterclosest approach in 1989. It could not have been taken fromEarth becauseNeptune never shows a crescent phase to sunward Earth.Theunusual vantage point also robsNeptune of its familiar blue hue,as sunlight seen from here is scattered forward,and so is reddened like thesetting Sun. Neptune is smaller but more massive thanUranus, has severaldark rings, and emits more light than it receives from the Sun. Tomorrow's picture: galaxy grabber <| Archive| Submissions | Index| Search| Calendar| RSS| Education| About APOD| Discuss| > Authors & editors: Robert Nemiroff(MTU) &Jerry Bonnell (UMCP)NASA Official: Phillip NewmanSpecific rights apply.NASA WebPrivacy Policy and Important NoticesA service of:ASD atNASA /GSFC& Michigan Tech. U.
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The Daily Facepalm

If the rules of physics tell you no, just play a different game... Brought to you by our coins, pins and new lanyard! https://www.concellation.com/store 
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The Edge of Space

APOD: 2021 July 24 - The Edge of Space Discover the cosmos!Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe isfeatured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. 2021 July 24 The Edge of Space Image Credit &Copyright: Ralf Rohner Explanation: Where does space begin?For purposes of spaceflight some would say at theKarman line,currently defined as an altitude of 100 kilometers (60 miles).Others might place a line 80 kilometers (50 miles) above Earth's mean sea level.But there is no sharp physicalboundary that marks the end ofatmosphere and the beginning of space.In fact, the Karman line itself is near the transition between theupper mesophere and lower thermosphere.Night shining or noctilucent cloudsare high-latitude summer apparitionsformed at altitudes near the top of the mesophere,up to 80 kilometers or so, also known as polar mesopheric clouds.Auroral bandsof the northern (and southern) lights caused byenergetic particles exciting atoms in the thermosphere canextend above 80 kilometers to over 600 kilometers altitude.Taken from a cockpit while flying at an altitude of 10 kilometers(33,000 feet) in the realm ofstratospheric aeronautics,this snapshot captures bothnoctilucent clouds and aurora borealis under a starry sky,looking toward planet Earth's horizonand the edge of space. Tomorrow's picture: crescent father and...
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The Daily Facepalm

I think Orbit is unamused...
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Elephant, Bat, and Squid

APOD: 2021 July 23 - Elephant, Bat, and Squid Discover the cosmos!Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe isfeatured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. 2021 July 23 Elephant, Bat, and Squid Image Credit &Copyright: Patrick Hsieh Explanation: Sprawling emission nebulae IC 1396 and Sh2-129 mixglowing interstellar gas and dark dust clouds inthis 10 degree wide fieldof view toward the northern constellationCepheus the King.Energized by its bluish central star IC 1396 (left)is hundreds of light-years across and some 3,000 light-years distant.The nebula's intriguing dark shapes includea winding dark cloud popularly known as theElephant's Trunk below and right of center.Tens of light-years long, it holds the rawraw material for star formation and is known to hideprotostarswithin.Located a similar distance from planet Earth, thebright knots and swept back ridges of emission of Sh2-129 on the rightsuggest its popular name, theFlying Bat Nebula.Within the Flying Bat, the most recently recognizedaddition to this royal cosmic zoo is the faint bluish emission from Ou4, theGiant Squid nebula. Tomorrow's picture: at the edge of space<| Archive| Submissions | Index| Search| Calendar| RSS| Education| About APOD| Discuss| > Authors & editors: Robert Nemiroff(MTU) &Jerry Bonnell (UMCP)NASA Official: Phillip NewmanSpecific rights...
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NGC 7814: Little Sombrero with Supernova

APOD: 2021 July 22 - NGC 7814: Little Sombrero with Supernova Discover the cosmos!Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe isfeatured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. 2021 July 22 NGC 7814: Little Sombrero with Supernova Image Credit &Copyright: CHART32 Team Explanation: Point your telescope toward the high flying constellationPegasusand you can find thisexpanseof Milky Way stars and distant galaxies.NGC 7814 is centered in the prettyfield of view that would almostbe covered by a full moon.NGC 7814 issometimes called the Little Sombrero for itsresemblance to the brighter more famous M104,the Sombrero Galaxy.Both Sombrero and Little Sombrero are spiral galaxiesseen edge-on, and both haveextensive halosand centralbulges cut by a thin disk with thinner dust lanes in silhouette.In fact, NGC 7814is some 40 million light-years away and an estimated 60,000 light-yearsacross.That actually makes theLittle Sombreroabout the same physical size asits better known namesake, appearing smaller and fainteronly because it is farther away.In this telescopic view from July 17, NGC 7814 is hosting a newlydiscovered supernova, dominant immediately to the left of the galaxy's core.Cataloged as SN 2021rhu,the stellar explosion has been identified as aType Iasupernova, useful toward calibrating thedistance scaleofthe universe. Tomorrow's picture: cosmic zoo<|...
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Colors: Ring Nebula versus Stars

APOD: 2021 July 21 - Colors: Ring Nebula versus Stars Discover the cosmos!Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe isfeatured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. 2021 July 21 Colors: Ring Nebula versus Stars Image Credit: Robert Vanderbei(Princeton U.) Explanation: What if you could see, separately, all thecolors of the Ring?And of the surrounding stars?There's technology for that.The featured image shows the Ring Nebula (M57) and nearby stars through such technology: in this case, a prism-like diffraction grating. The Ring Nebula is seen only a few times because it emits light, primarily, in only a few colors.The two brightest emitted colors are hydrogen (red) and oxygen (blue), appearing as nearly overlapping images to the left of the image center. The image just to the right of center is the color-combined icon normally seen. Stars, on the other hand, emit most of their light in colors all across the visible spectrum. These colors, combined, make a nearly continuous streak -- which is why stars appear accompanied by multicolored bars. Breaking object light up into colors is scientifically useful because it can reveal the elements that compose that object, how fast that object is moving,...
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Thors Helmet

APOD: 2021 July 20 - Thors Helmet Discover the cosmos!Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe isfeatured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. 2021 July 20 Thor's Helmet Image Credit & Copyright: Bernard Miller Explanation: Thor not only has his own day (Thursday), but a helmet in the heavens. Popularly called Thor's Helmet, NGC 2359 is a hat-shaped cosmic cloud with wing-like appendages.Heroically sized even for aNorse god,Thor's Helmet is about 30 light-years across.In fact, the cosmic head-covering is more likean interstellar bubble, blown with a fastwind from the bright, massive star near the bubble's center.Known as aWolf-Rayet star, the central star is an extremely hot giant thought to be in a brief,pre-supernova stage of evolution.NGC 2359 is located about15,000 light-years away toward the constellation of the Great Overdog.This remarkably sharp imageis a mixed cocktail of data from broadband and narrowband filters,capturing not only natural looking stars but details ofthe nebula'sfilamentary structures.The star in the center of Thor's Helmet is expected to explode in a spectacularsupernova sometime within the next few thousand years. Almost Hyperspace: Random APOD Generator Tomorrow's picture: colors of ring <| Archive| Submissions | Index| Search| Calendar| RSS| Education| About APOD|...
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Framed by Trees: A Window to the Galaxy

APOD: 2021 July 19 - Framed by Trees: A Window to the Galaxy Discover the cosmos!Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe isfeatured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. 2021 July 19 Framed by Trees: A Window to the Galaxy Image Credit & Copyright: Will Godward Explanation: The photographer had this shot in mind for some time.He knew that objects overhead are the brightest -- since their light is scattered the least by atmospheric air.He also that knew the core of our Milky Way Galaxy was just about straight up near midnight around this time of year in South Australia. Chasing his mental picture, he ventured deep inside the Kuipto Forest where tall radiata pines blocked out much of the sky -- but not in this clearing. There, through a window framed by trees, he captured his envisioned combination of local and distant nature.Sixteen exposures of both trees and the Milky Way Galaxy were recorded.Antares is the bright orange star to left of our Galaxy's central plane, while Alpha Centauri is the bright star just to the right of the image center. The direction toward our Galaxy's center is below Antares. Although in...
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The Andromeda Galaxy in Ultraviolet

APOD: 2021 July 18 - The Andromeda Galaxy in Ultraviolet Discover the cosmos!Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe isfeatured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. 2021 July 18 The Andromeda Galaxy in Ultraviolet Image Credit: NASA, JPL-Caltech, GALEX Explanation: What does the Andromeda galaxy look like in ultraviolet light?Young blue stars circling the galactic center dominate. A mere 2.5 million light-years away, the Andromeda Galaxy, alsoknown as M31, really is just next door as large galaxies go.Spanningabout 230,000 light-years, it took 11 different image fields from NASA's Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX) satellitetelescope to produce this gorgeous portrait of the spiral galaxy inultraviolet light in 2003.While its spiral arms stand out invisible light images,Andromeda's arms look more like rings in ultraviolet.The rings are sites of intense star formation and have been interpreted asevidence that Andromeda collided with its smaller neighboring elliptical galaxy M32 more than 200 million years ago.The Andromeda galaxy and our own comparable Milky Way galaxy are the most massive members of theLocal Groupof galaxies and are projected to collide in several billion years -- perhaps around the time that our Sun's atmosphere will expand to engulf the Earth. Tomorrow's picture:...
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Alphonsus and Arzachel

APOD: 2021 July 17 - Alphonsus and Arzachel Discover the cosmos!Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe isfeatured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. 2021 July 17 Alphonsus and Arzachel Image Credit &Copyright: Noel Donnard Explanation: Point your telescopeat tonight's first quarter Moon.Along the terminator,the shadow line between night and day,you might find these two large cratersstaring back at you withan owlish gaze.Alphonsus(left) andArzachelare ancient impact craters onthe north eastern shores of Mare Nubium, the lunar Sea of Clouds.The larger Alphonsus is over 100 kilometers in diameter.A low sun angle highlights the crater'ssharp 1.5 kilometer high centralpeak in bright sunlight and dark shadow.Scouting for potential Apollo moon landing sites, theRanger 9 spacecraftreturned closeup pictures of Alphonsus beforeit crashed in the crater just northeast (toward the upper left)of its central mountain in 1965.Alpetragius,between Alphonsus and Arzachel,is the small crater with the deeply shadowed floor andoverly large central beak. Tomorrow's picture: 2.5 million light-years away<| Archive| Submissions | Index| Search| Calendar| RSS| Education| About APOD| Discuss| > Authors & editors: Robert Nemiroff(MTU) &Jerry Bonnell (UMCP)NASA Official: Phillip NewmanSpecific rights apply.NASA WebPrivacy Policy and Important NoticesA service of:ASD atNASA /GSFC& Michigan Tech. U.
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Love and War by Moonlight

APOD: 2021 July 16 - Love and War by Moonlight Discover the cosmos!Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe isfeatured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. 2021 July 16 Love and War by Moonlight Image Credit &Copyright: Shi Huan Explanation: Venus,named for the Roman goddess of love, andMars,the war god's namesake, come togetherby moonlightin this serene skyview, recorded on July 11from Lualaba province, Democratic Republic of Congo, planet Earth.Taken in the western twilight sky shortly after sunsetthe exposure also recordsearthshine illuminating the otherwisedark surface of theyoung crescent Moon.Of course the Moon has moved on.Venus still shines in the west though as theeveningstar, third brightest object in Earth's sky,after the Sun and the Moon itself.Seen here above a brilliant Venus,Mars moved even closerto the brighter planet and by July 13 could be seen onlyabout a Moon's width away.Mars has since slowly wandered away from much brighter Venus in thetwilight, but both are sliding toward bright star Regulus.Alpha star of the constellation Leo, Regulus lies off thetop of this frame and anticipates avisit from Venusand then Mars in twilight skies ofthe coming days. Tomorrow's picture: when the moon watches you<| Archive| Submissions | Index| Search|...
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The Dark Tower in Scorpius

APOD: 2021 July 15 - The Dark Tower in Scorpius Discover the cosmos!Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe isfeatured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. 2021 July 15 The Dark Tower in Scorpius Image Credit &Copyright:Data - Martin Pugh,Processing - Rocco Sung Explanation: In silhouette against a crowded star fieldalong the tail of the arachnalogical constellationScorpius,this dusty cosmic cloud evokes for some the image of anominousdark tower.In fact, clumps of dust and molecular gascollapsingto form stars may well lurk within the dark nebula,a structure that spans almost 40 light-years across thisgorgeous telescopic portrait.Known as acometary globule, the swept-back cloud,is shaped by intense ultraviolet radiation fromthe OB association of veryhot stars in NGC 6231,off the upper edge of the scene.That energetic ultraviolet light also powers the globule's borderingreddish glow of hydrogen gas.Hot stars embedded in the dustcan be seen as bluishreflection nebulae.This dark tower, NGC 6231, andassociated nebulae are about 5,000 light-years away. Tomorrow's picture: love and war by moonlight<| Archive| Submissions | Index| Search| Calendar| RSS| Education| About APOD| Discuss| > Authors & editors: Robert Nemiroff(MTU) &Jerry Bonnell (UMCP)NASA Official: Phillip NewmanSpecific rights apply.NASA WebPrivacy Policy and Important NoticesA service of:ASD atNASA...
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GW200115: Simulation of a Black Hole Merging with a Neutron Star

APOD: 2021 July 14 - GW200115: Simulation of a Black Hole Merging with a Neutron Star Discover the cosmos!Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe isfeatured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. GW200115: Simulation of a Black Hole Merging with a Neutron Star Video Credit: Simulation: S.V. Chaurasia (Stockholm U.), T. Dietrich (Potsdam U. & MPIGP); Visualization: T. Dietrich (Potsdam U. & MPIGP),N. Fischer, S. Ossokine, H. Pfeiffer (MPIGP) Explanation: What happens when a black hole destroys a neutron star?Analyses indicate that just such an event created gravitational wave event GW200115, detected in 2020 January by LIGO and Virgo observatories.To better understand the unusual event, the featured visualization was created from a computer simulation.The visualization video starts with the black hole (about 6 times the Sun's mass) and neutron star (about 1.5 times the Sun's mass) circling each other, together emitting an increasing amount of gravitational radiation.The picturesque pattern of gravitational wave emission is shown in blue.The duo spiral together increasingly fast until the neutron star becomes completely absorbed by the black hole. Since the neutron star did not break apart during the collision, little light escaped -- which matches the lack of...
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